Undoing the damage of Atherosclerosis

Not so long ago scientists believed that once plaque is formed in an artery, it never goes away. Medical researchers thought that appropriate lifestyle and pharmacological treatment could show the process of atherosclerosis, but could not undo damage already done. In recent years, however, researchers have discovered that, given the right conditions, the body’s own healing process can sometimes reverse arterial plaque buildup. This need has provided hope for the millions of America who have been diagnosed with arterial disease.

Exercise Control

The first step in preventing, slowing, and hopefully reversing arterial disease is to control the risk factors associated with its progression. Of course, some risk factors are out of our control; family history, race, gender, and age. But many factors can be modified by lifestyle change, and sometimes by lifestyle combined with medication, if lifestyle change do3s not produce adequate control.

Who is not familiar by now with public health recommendation for a heart heathy lifestyle? No smoking; regular exercise (at least 30 minutes of moderate-intensity exercise per day); stress management; and a heart heathy diet. Heart-healthy diet recommendation include limiting fat intake to 30 percent of daily caloric intake, and increasing consumption of plant foods, such as grains, fruits, and vegetables. These recommendation help prevent arterial disease by reducing obesity, blood lipids, platelet stickness, and blood pressure, and by improving blood sugar control in people at risk for type II diabetes.

Are Heart-healthy Recommendations Enough?

People formulating public health guidelines such as “consume less than 30 percent of your daily caloric intake as fat” have a tough job. Their goal is to weigh all available scientific evidence and propose recommendation that are simple and practical enough for everyone to follow. Some researchers believe that while current public health recommendations are fine for many North Americans, they are not stringent enough for people at high riskfor developing arterial disease and those already diagnoses with atherosclerosis. These researchers believe that some people are willing and able to make greater lifestyle modifications that offer a significant health advantage over the general public public health recommendations, and should not be limited by these general recommendations.

Several studies have compared participants who either

1. Received conventional medical care, which included advice to quit smoking, manage stress, reducer fat intake to less than 30 percent of daily caloric intake, and exercise regularly

2. Follow more stringent lifestyle modifications.

In these studies, the latter groups experienced significantly greater degrees of plaque regression, or at least slower progression.

What is “stringent”? Most stringent are lifestyle followed by patients who participated in Dean Ornish’s Lifestyle Heart Trial. They consumed a 6.8 percent fat diet, exercised over four hours a day, quit smoking, and participated in ov3r an hour of stress management and relaxation training per day. And while their lifestyles we’re most stringent, their results were also the most striking. Eighty-two percent of the patients in this group showed a regression of plaque in their coronary arteries, compared to 10 percent of the patients in the conventional care group. This means that your lifestyle can make a difference.

Other studies have used less demanding lifestyle change but hav3 found significant, albeit less striking difference between treatment and control groups. Studies which have included drug therapy along with lifestyle change have also observed plaque regression in many of their subjects. The best predictors of plaque regression in all studies were a decrease in LDL cholesterol and an increased aerobic capacity.

How to Stop Pains

Pain is a useful sensation when it alerts us to an injury that needs attention. We pull our finger away from a hot stove, we take off shoes that are too tight we rest an ankle that has been sprained. We do what we can to help the injury heal and meanwhile take over-the-counter or prescription painkillers until the pain goes away.

When the Pain Won’t Go away

Pain that persists longer than two or three months despite appropriate medical or surgical treatment is known as chronic pain. The most common forms of chronic pains are lower back pain and headaches. Cancer, arthritis, fibromyagia, and many other disorder are associated with chronic pain. People experiencing chronic pain often experience chronic frustration, as they are sent from one specialist to another in an attempt to diagnose accurately the cause of their pain. Their lives may turn into nightmares of fear and worry. The American chronic pain association estimates that about 86 million people are affected by chronic pain.

Many pain management programs have been developed to help people with chronic pain. Their goal is to decrease pain as much as possible, and then help patients cope with what ever pain is left. Because no single treatment works for everyone, pain management programs typically offer a wide variety of treatments, from surgery and nerve blocks to acupuncture and exercise therapy. Following are some of the therapies that complement medical and surgical treatment for the management of chronic pains.


Pain used to be regarded as a purely physical response to physical injury. Psychological factors are now understood to serve as important mediators in the perception of pain. Feelings such as fear and anxiety strenghten the perception of pain. Pain maybe used to avoid certain situations, or to gain attention. Depression and associated symptoms such as sleep disturbances can contribute to chronic pain.

The perception and interpretation of one’s chronic pain can affest pain Intensity. Interesting research comparing the experiences of World War II soldiers who we’re homebound because of their wound and civilians with comparable wounds due to surgery found that the civilian experienced significantly greater pain.

Counselling techniques can help people with chronic pain confront psychological issues that may be exacerbating their pain. They can provide psychological support and enhance a person’s sense of control over the pain. Counselors also help people with chronic pain and their families cope with many difficulties that may accompany chronic pain, such as marital stress, limited employment opportunities, and financial problems.

Relaxation and Meditation

Relaxation and Meditation techniques may reduce pain by decreasing anxiety and giving patients a sense of personal control over pain. These technique often involve deep breathing, visualization of positive images and muscular relaxation. They may help people become more aware of thoughts and situations that exacerbate or decrease pain. Some technique provide a mental distraction from the sensation of pak. For example, patients learn to reinterpret pain into a sensation of pressure that doesn’t hurt so much, or to imagine that the painful body part belongs to someone else.


People with chronic pain tend to avoid movement, since it hurts. They spend their day moving from bed to chair and back again. Muscles and joint structure atrophy which may eventually cause the pain to worsen. Regular exercise and improved fitness help to relieve pain. Why? Exercise may stimulate the production of endorphins, chemical produced by the body to relieve pain. Exercise may improve self-confidence, or serve as a distraction from pain. Exercise also improves sleep quality, which is often a problem for people with chronic pain.

What is Homeostasis?

You have seen “homeostasis” defined as a condition in which the body’s internal environment -the fluid around the body cells remain within certain psychological limits. Okay, now what does this mean to you in your everyday life? Well, it can mean a lot, depending on where you are and what you do.

Homeostasis: The Power to Heal

The body’s ability to maintain homeostasis gives it tremendous healing power and a remarkable resistance to abuse. But for most people, life long good health is not something that just happens. Two important factors in this balance called health are the environment and your behavior. Your homeostasis is affected by the air you breathe, the food you eat, even the thoughts you think.

The way you live can either support or interfere with your body’s ability to maintain homeostasis and recover from inevitable stresses life throws your way. Let’s consider the stress imposed by common cold. You support your natural healing processes when you take care of yourself. Plenty of rest and fluids allow the immune system to do its job. The cold runs it course and are soon back on your feet.

If, instead of taking care of yourself, you continue to smoke two packs of cigarettes a day, skip meals, and pull several all-nighterd studyingbfor an anatomy and physiology exam, you interfere with the immune system’s ability to fend off attacking microorganisms, and bring the body back to homeostasis and good health. Other infections take advantage of your weakened state and pretty soon the cold has “turned Into” bronchitis or pneumonia.

Homeostasis and Prevention

Many diseases are the result of years of poor health behavior that interferes with body’s natural drive to maintain homeostasis. An obvious example is smoking-related illness. Smoking tobacco exposes sensitive lung tissue to a multitude of chemicals that causes cancer and damage the lungs ability to repair itself. Because disease such as emphysema and lung cancer are difficult to treat and very rarely cured, it is much wiser to quit smoking or never start than to hope the doctor can fix you up once yo u are diagnosed with the disease.

This is not to say that all illness is result of bad habits. We do not yet understand wgt causes many illnesses, and we have little or no control over their development. And even when lifestyle habits may have contributed to the development of an illness, we must acknowledge that changing habits is difficult, and so must be aware of “blaming the victim” for bringing on a disease.

The Wellness Lifestyle

For many years, the word “health” was used to mean simply an absence of disease. Many people felt that there was more to health than simply not been sivk. The term “wellness” came into use to indicate a kind of high-level health that represents more than the absence of disease and includes well-being in all areas of your life, not just the physical. The wellness concept is based on the notion that lifestyle choice you make throughout the years have an important impact on your mental, physical, and spiritual well-being. Wellness means taking responsibility for your health, preventing accidents and illness, working with healthcare providers when necessary. Erlness encourages consumer awareness and promote the establishment of social systems and environment conducive to healthy promoting behavior. While disease prevention is an important goal of the wellness lifestyle , disease and disability do not prevent a wellness lifestyle, since wellness means doing what you can to maximize your personal potential for optimal well-being and to construction t a meaningful and rewarding life.

Cow milk and Anemia?

(+263…9) asks is it true that if breastfeeding children are given cow milk regularly, they will develop anemia in the future🥛?

Babies younger than 6 months should not be given cow milk at all (if supplementing breast milk, use formula). Cow milk is hard to digest for infants, and doesn’t contain the right amount of vitamins for a growing baby. Boiling the cow milk will destroy even more vitamins. Beyond 6 months, cow milk could cautiously be entered into a baby’s diet along with solids, but breast milk/formula should still be the bulk of the baby’s food. If a baby drinks too much cow milk instead of breast milk/formula, the baby will develop anemia since cow milk, unlike breast milk and formula, is not a good source of iron. Even beyond one years old, if a child fills up on cow milk and doesn’t eat enough iron-rich foods such as leafy vegetables and meat, the child will become anemic.

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(+276…0) asks my brother is HIV positive and now he’s spreading it to the girls he’s dating. Should I let the girls be aware🤔?

If your brother is being medically treated for HIV, and his viral load is undetectable, then there is no need. He will not spread HIV through sex. If your brother is not receiving treatment, only recently started treatment, or hasn’t been successful at suppressing his viral load, then yes, the girls should be made aware as soon as possible. If the stigma of having HIV is very high in your community, you could tell the girls something like “I recently found out that someone my brother had sex with is HIV positive, and we don’t know yet if he is HIV positive, but you need to protect yourself and get checked right now.” In the meantime, recruit everyone who knows about his HIV status to make sure your brother gets the proper medical treatment and support. If your brother insists on behaving irresponsibly, the truth will need to be told.


The atoms of some chemicals are unstable. They try to rearrange themselves to make more stable atoms. In the process, they give off radiation particles called radioactivity. Although radioactivity can be harmful to people, it can also be important to us in every day life. It is used to make nuclear energy and preserve food, and it also plays a vital role in the treatment of cancer.Danger: RadiationSome types of radioactivity are harmful because they damage or destroy the tissues of the human body. If people receive large doses of radioactivity, they can become I’ll radiation sickness, which often causes cancer. Radiation sickness can also affect people’s ability to have children.Alpha Decay: An alpha particle is made when the nucleus (central part) of a large, unstable atom rearranges itself, or decays, to make a smaller, more stable atom. The nee and smaller atom has two protons and two neutrons fewer than the original atom. Tese join to make the alpha particle that is given off. Some energy is also releases as a gamma ray. This is high energy and high frequency radiation, traveling at the speed of light.Beta Decay: Beta decay is different from alph decay. One of the neutrons in the nucleus of the unstablebatom changes into a proton and an electron. The proton joins the nucleus, but the electron is ejected from the atom at high speed. This fast moving electron is called a beta particle. Some energy is also released as gamma ray.


Radioactivity can cause cancer if it harms cell in the body. It can also help cure cancer if it is used to destroy unhealthy cells. In radiotherapy, a powerful machine fires carrfully targeted beams of radiation T tumors (cancer cells) in the patient’s body. The radioactivity destroys the cells and help to improve the patients chances of survival.

Why You shouldn’t Divorce

… asks does divorce damage children💔?

Yes divorce always damages children, even adult children, especially if they didn’t see it coming. However being exposed to constant fighting and abuse also damages children, sometimes a lot more than divorce, so pick the lesser of two evils. Children are resilient – often the damage is only temporary. If possible, try to time your divorce. Babies (0-2 years of age), aren’t affected much by divorce at all. Studies show that 4 to 14 year olds are damaged the most by divorce, with the peak damage occurring around 11 years old – right around puberty. Of course, getting a divorce around college entrance exams is also not a good idea!

Divorcing can keep your children in a depressed mood. It may even affect there studies for those in college. If you really care about the well being of your children, there mental, psychological well being don’t dvorce. Children, teens, and babies whose parents divorced usually end up in the street or foster homes were they suffer because they are living with people they havent met before, some end up in the street as thugs, drug dealers, cultists.

Say No! divorce

Benefits of Physical Fitness

 The phrase “use it or lose it” refers to the adaptation that occurs in muscle and associated connective tissue structures to environmental stimuli. A lifestyle whose highest level of exertion consists of walking from couch to the refrigerator does not demand much musculoskeletal strength. Muscles accustomed to such lifestyle atrophy and weaken. On the other hand, regular strength training sends a message to the musculoskeletal system that a challenging environment requires muscular strength.

Tissues adapt to stress-this is known as the training effect. Stress muscles and they become stronger; stress bones and they become denser. Strength training refers to any kind of exercise in which the muscles exert a force against a resistance. Weight training, for example, uses weight machines and free weight to apply resistance. Resistance can also be applied with calisthenics such as pushups, where the body’s weight is the resistance against which muscles (in this case, the muscles in your arms) work.

Strength to Carry on

Certainly the most well-known benefits of training is an increase in muscle strength and size. But the benefits of weight training go beyond the acquisition of muscular prowess. In our sedentary society, many orthopedic problem are the result of weakness and inflexibility, which are often shrugged off as “natural” attributes of the aging process. Studies have shown that between the ages between the ages of 20 and 70, people lose about 30 percent of their muscle mass, a loss that average several pounds a decade. Some of this loss is inevitable and is due to the fact that we lose muscles cells as we age. But much of this loss results from low activity levels rather than aging process. In “sedentary” muscles, the remaining cells shrink and become weaker. Regular strength training helps prevent this muscle cells atrophy.

Another important result of weight training is that other connective tissue structures, such as tendons, ligaments, and joint capsules, also increase in strength. Stronger joints are less prone to injury and strength improvements and healthier joints increase sports skills level and enjoyment. Weight training apparently also strengthens bones may thus help maximize deposition of bone mineral in young adults and prevent, or at least slow, the loss of bone mineral in later life.

Preliminary research suggests that strength-training exercise offers some of the heart disease prevention benefits traditionally associated with aerobic exercise, including the control of cholesterol, blood sugar, and blood pressure.

Metabolic Folic

People trying to lose weight are usually told to participate in aerobic exercise because it burns more calories than weight training. While aerobic exercise require a greater expenditure of energy per minute, weight training can still be a helpful supplement to aerobic exercise for these reasons.

  • Weight training may help prevent injuries, especially for people who have a low level of fitness.
  • Many injuries that occur in new exercise are due to pushing a deconditioned body to do too much, too soon. A new exerciser can benefit from “getting into shape” before beginning an exercise program.
  • Weight training can play an important part in a weight control program because it will help preserve or increase or increase the amount of one’s muscle tissue. Because metabolic process occur at a much faster rate-even at rest-in nonfat body tissues, the greater your far free mass (a large proportion of which is muscle tissue), the higher your metabolic rate. The higher your metabolic rate, the more calories you can eat without gaining.

Heart Disease: A women’s Health Issue

Answer the following questions: What disease kills the women in North America? The correct answer is heart disease.

Cardiovascular diseases (diseases of the heart and blood vessels, including heart attack and stroke) are the heading cause of death for both men and women. Each year 2.5 million women in the united states are hospitalized for 500,000 women die from cardiovascular disease. If you answered breast cancer, you are not alone. Many people have the impression that breast cancer is the leading cause of death for women, because the incidence of breast cancer has risen dramatically over the past twenty years. But of 2,000 post-menopousal women in the United States, 20 women in a given year will get heart disease, and 12 will die from it. In comparison, six women in the same year will get breast cancer and 2 will die from it.

Heart Disease: An Enqual Opportunity Killer.

Until recently, most of the research on the prevention and treatment of cardiovascular disease has focused primarily on men, and therefore many of our ideas about heart disease have evolved from a male model of these disorders: Fortunately, the research focus continues to widen, and many studies now include women, as well as men and women from under represented groups. But many people still believe that heart disease is something that happens to men, not women. These beliefs have implications for both the prevention and treatment of cardiovascular disease in women.Where do these beliefs come from? Young women do have an advantage over young men in terms of risk for heart disease. Women tend to develop arterial disease about ten years later than men. Men aged 25-64 years old have twice the incidence of heart disease of women in that age group.But that is where the advantage ends. For the 70+ age group, heart disease rates for men and women are similar. What’s worse, women who develop arterial disease tend to fare more poorly than men with similar diagnoses.

Why Do Women Have Power Prognoses? Many reasons have been proposed to explain why women with heart disease fare so poorly, but we need more research before jumping to any conclusion. Some evidence suggest that physicians prescribe more surgical interventions for men than women. (Others have suggested that since surgery is not always beneficial, maybe women get better care in this regard!) While surgical and medical outcomes for women have improved over the years, they still lag behind, perhaps because surgical instruments, techniques, and drug therapies were designed for male arteries and bodies, which tend to be larger than women’s. More fundamentally, how ever, women are not taught and thus may not recognize this warning signs of heart disease. Family members may not take. Mom’s chest pain and discomfort as seriously as Dad’s, may not urge her to get to the doctor. Thus, women typically appear in their doctors office later in the the course of these disease than men do. Also, a sedentary lifestyle may delay diagnosis, and women who are 65 and older are more likely than their male peers to be sedentary people may not get chest pain until the disease is more advanced. Research shows that by the time women begin for arterial disease, they tend to be older and have more co-existing health problems than men. These factors contribute to women’s poorer prognosis following heart diagnosis and treatment.

Steps to Healthy Feet

We take the structure and function of our granter until tey start to hurt. And even then we often continue to mistreat them, cramming them into shoes that are too tight, and then asking them to walk on concrete sidewalks and rake us on long shopping expeditions. No wonder foot problem are such a common complaint!. Fortunately, most foot problem are preventable by understanding the foots structure and function, and then using good footwear to support them in their work.

These Feet Were Made for Walking

Each time you take a step, your heel strikes the ground firts. Then you toll through the arches, over the ball of your foot, and onto your toes. Your archer flatten slightly as they absorb the weight of your body. One foot continues to bear your weight until the heels of the other foot touches the ground. As you walk, your big toe maintains your balance while the other toes gives your foot some resiliency. The two outer metarasals move to accommodate for uneven surfaces, while the inner three stay rigid for support

The most common cause of foot problem is ill-fitting shoes that interfere with the mechanical action described above. The high heels is a case in point, and explains, why 80 percent of those suffering from foot problems are women. While many people think high heels looks good and are fun to wear, they should not be used for walking, because they make the body’s weight fall onto the forefoot. Thus the arches of the foot are not allowed to absorb the force ofghe body’s weight. This unnatural stress can injure soft tissue structures, joints and bones.

Sensible Shoes

Sensible shoes prevent many foot problems; they are especially important if you are doing any amount of walking. A good shoe has a sole that is strong and flexible and provides a good gripping surface. Cushioned insoles help protect feet from hard surfaces. Arch supports helps distribute weight over a broader area, just like the arches in your foot.

Many people spend a great deal of time researching which brand of shoes to buy yet to do not spend adequate time evaluating whether or not the shoes suit there feet. A high quality shoe is only worth buying if it fits! Its better to buy a lesser-quality shoe that fits well than a poorly fitting high-quality shoe. As one avid shopper put it, “If the shoe fits, buy it”. Shop for shoes in the late afternoon when your fits are at their largest. One foot is often bigger than the others; always buy for the bigger foot. The shoes you try on should feel comfortable immediately- don’t plan on shoes stretching with wear. The heel should fit snugly, the instep should not gape open, and the toe box should be wide enough be wide enough for you to wiggle all.

If you participate in some kind of sport or work in a physically demanding occupation, choose well fitting shoes that will accommodate the extra demands placed on your feet. Walking shoes, provide support and shock absorption and are built to accommodate the walking biomechanics of your foot. Good walking shoes include heel cushioning, arch support, and flexible soles, and prevent foot from rolling sideways in or out.

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